Dental Surgery

Hygienist & Periodontal Gum Treatment

The job of our hygienist's is to professionally clean and polish your teeth (this is sometimes called 'scaling and polishing'). Their job also involves educating patients about the best ways to help keep their teeth plaque free.

Combining regular hygienist appointments with your own home care is the best way to maintain a healthy mouth, keep your teeth strong and give you fresher breath. Neglecting your gums can lead to poor gum health, which can cause cause heart problems later on in life.

Hygienist training is focused on preventing gum disease and tooth decay by removing deposits of tartar that build up on the teeth. By teaching you how to prevent it collecting on your teeth in the future, you will be able to slow the process of gum disease.

Booking hygienist appointments for your children will help keep their teeth clean and help to educate them on the best way to brush.

A great way to reduce tooth decay is to limit the amount of sugar in your diet, as well as the amount of times you eat throughout the day.



When plaque is allowed to build up on the area where your gum meets your tooth, it causes your gums to become irritated and inflamed - this is known as gingivitis. Usual symptoms include gums appearing redder than pink (the colour of healthy gums) and you may notice your gums bleed when you brush your teeth. Effective cleaning can reverse the affects of gingivitis in just a few weeks. When plaque has been left too long it hardens into calculus (tartar) and will need to be removed by your dentist or hygienist.


Periodontal disease (gum disease) is a disease affecting the gum tissue and the bone underneath your gums. The effects of periodontitis are irreversible - unlike gingivitis - due to a loss of underlying bone that hold your teeth in place. Bacteria then builds up in pockets between your gums and teeth. If left untreated, it will lead to tooth loss, with the rate of bone loss varying between patients. Like gingivitis, periodontitis is normally painless, however by the time patients are aware of the problem serious damage has already been done. In most cases, periodontal disease can be treated if caught early.


A large part of treating the affects are down to your own oral hygiene. Long-term control will require you to remove as much plaque bacteria from your gums as possible and we will be able to advise you on the best ways to do this.

Your dentist will need to clean out your gum pockets and the deeper are that you are unable to reach. This is known as deep scaling and root planing.